Properties of Sage (Salvia Officinalis)


Sage (Salvia officinalis) has an extensive history as a medicinal herb. It was used by the ancient Egyptians to improve female fertility.

In the first century CE, Dioscorides, a Greek physician, pharmacologist and botanist (now known as the father of pharmacology), reported that the aqueous decoction of sage could help to stop the bleeding of wounds and clean sores or ulcers. He also used sage juice in warm water to treat coughs and hoarseness.
The genus Salvia, commonly known as sage, is the largest member of Lamiacea or mint family containing over 900 species throughout the world.In Turkey , Sage is known as island tea (adaçayi).

Chemical Constituents

Sage is a natural source of flavonoids and polyphenolic compounds (carnosic acid, rosmarinic acid and caffeic acid). The chemical components of sage are Vitamin A, beta-carotene, folate, potassium, phosphorus and magnesium. It also contituteThere are many health benefits of Salvia officinalis , some of the most important include its ability to improve brain functionlower inflammation throughout the body, prevent chronic diseases, boost the strength of our immune system, regulate proper digestion, alleviate skin conditions, improve health and strength of bones, slow the onset of cognitive disorders, and prevent the onset of diabetes.  rosmarinic acid, carnosolic acid, ursolic acid, borneol acetate, camphene, linalool, alpha-cayophyllene, beta-caryophyllene, alpha-pinene, beta-pinene, alphahumulene, pimaradiene, salviandic acid. But its main constituents are 1,8-cineole, camphor, alpha-thujone, beta-thujone, borneol and viridiflorol.

The consumption of sage in excess of amount can be harmful and toxic due to the presence of high content of thujone.

Medicinal Properties

 The health benefits of sage can be attributed to its properties such as :

  • Antifungal
  • Antibacterial
  • Antioxidant
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Cholagogue 
  • Emenagogue
  • Bone strength
  • Boosts immunity system

Antibacterial Properties

Salvia officinalis is useful at countering bacterial infections, since it kills bacteria and inhibits  their growth in the body,at the bud itself. This property can also be used to heal ailments like bacterial infections in the ears, nose, throat, eyes, genitals, urethra, colon, intestines as well as on the skin and in wounds.

Anti-Fungal Properties

Sage oil gives protection against fungal infections and microbial infections.You can protect small wounds or cuts from developing irritating or potentially dangerous infections.

The presence of camphor and camphene in this herb gives it an anti-fungal property. This oil is capable of inhibiting fungal infections both internally and externally, and gives relief from fungal infections like dysentery, skin diseases, Athlete’s Foot, or dermatitis.This property is one of the major causes why sage is used in skin care products.

Antioxidant Properties

  • This is perhaps the most valuable aspect of this herb and is the major reason behind its extensive use in anti-ageing and skin treatment products.
  • These antioxidants slow down aging and prevent symptoms of aging like wrinkles, sagging skin and muscles, reduction in vision and hearing capabilities, malfunctioning of the brain, memory loss, degeneration of tissues, macular degeneration and nervous disorders.
  • Antioxidant compounds found in sage are rosmarinic acid, luteolin, and apigenin, can all work to neutralize free radicals and prevent them from creating oxidative stress in the heart, organ systems, skin, joints, muscles, and even the brain.

Anti-inflammatory Properties

  • Chewing on sage leaves can be one of the most pleasant remedy, as its flavor can be quite intense, but this may be the most effective way to get the organic compounds acting in your system.
  • The anti-inflammatory qualities of sage extend to health issues such as arthritis and gout, as well as general inflammation of the cardiovascular system, which can result in heart disease and increased blood pressure. The flavonoids and phenolic compounds found in it are responsible for these beneficial effects.

Cholagogue Property

  • Cholagogue or Choleretic, both of these properties mean the same thing, which is a substance that promotes the discharge of bile.
  • This helps in better digestion, soothing the stomach and improving the functionality of the whole digestive system against inflammations caused by excessive acids.
  • It also neutralizes acids in the stomach and the blood stream, thereby providing relief from acidity and acidosis, which in turn protects us from peptic ulcers due to acidity, as well as from boils, eruptions and skin diseases that occur when acid levels rise in the blood.

Sage as Emenagogue

The consumption of Salvia officinalisas tea or decoctions regularizes menstrual cycles and helps to relieve obstructed menses. Its oil activates certain hormones, such as estrogen, which gives relief from problems like headaches, nausea, weakness, fatigue, depression, mood swings and other associated symptoms of menstruation. It is also beneficial during menopause as it balances the levels of hormones in our body.

Provides Strength to Bones

  • One of the most overlooked benefits of sage is actually its superior level of Vitamin K, an essential vitamin for the body that is not found in many common foods. Vitamin K is a crucial element in developing bone density and ensuring the integrity of our bones as we age.
  • If you suffer from early signs of osteoporosis or have lived a rather nutrient-poor, sedentary lifestyle, your bone health is likely low. Adding sage leaves to your diet can increase your vitamin K levels significantly, as a single service has 27% of your daily recommended intake.

Boosts Immunity

There are some antimicrobial properties that have been identified in sage. While it is usually consumed in relatively small quantities, you can create a topical application of sage (salve or tincture). You can use it to prevent bacterial and viral infections that attack your body through the skin. We often think of illness entering our system through our nose or mouth, but the skin can also be compromised and be used as a gateway for foreign agents. A topical cream or antibacterial routine that includes sage could be an extra line of defense against that sort of illness vector.



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