Campylobacter bacteria is the cause for a very infectious disease Campylobacteriosis which spreads through blood streams producing severe gastrointestinal and small intestine problems. It is a serous life threatening infection as Campylobacter is the most common cause of diarrhea illness (bloody and watery diarrhea) in humans and animals.
The common species causing infection in human beings are Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter enteritis. This gastrointestinal infection and upset stomach can last up to two weeks.
This bacteria can grow best at 37°C to 42°C temperature.The approximate body temperature of a bird is 41°C to 42°C , and thus the birds can carry this bacteria without becoming ill. It is because of this that slaughtered meat is often infected with Campylobacter bacteria and is a major cause of this infection.
This bacteria grows in places with less amount of oxygen and cannot tolerate freezing and drying, they multiply at a slower rate as compared to the usual bacteria. The characteristic adaptation for its growth in normal habitat is the intestines of warm blooded mammals and birds.
What are the causes of Campylobacteriosis and how does this infection spread ?
- Campylobacteriosis usually happens by eating raw or under-cooked poultry meat or by cross contamination of other food items by these items.
- The bacteria Campylobacter can latch itself on anything from raw meat to unpasteurized dairy products, poultry produce and water, causing an outbreak of infection.
- This infection can also spread via infected animals like dogs and cats through the stool of these animals. This bacteria is shed through the faecal matter of infected animals.
- Another reason for this infection can be improperly slaughtered or processed meat which is under cooked. Campylobacter might be present in the liver, milk of an infected cow or contaminated manure and vegetables.
- The water from mountain streams and surface water like rivers and lakes can be contaminated through the infected faeces from cows and wild birds.
What are the symptoms of Campylobacteriosis?
- The disease Campylobacteriosis usually shows prolonged illness of 1 week or a relapse with fever , nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and muscle pain.
- The symptoms also range from diarrhea (usually watery or bloody diarrhea) and abdominal pain, (most common symptoms) to cramping and headache causing lethargy in the patient.
How long does this disease last ?
- The incubation period (amount of time from infection to onset of symptoms) can vary from 1 to 7 days with most cases occuring post 3 to 5 days after exposure.
- This infection lasts for no more than 1 week however in some cases it persisted upto 3 weeks of relapse.
Who all are susceptible to this infection ?
- The most susceptible (likely to develop infection easily) people are over 65 years of age, children younger than 5 years of age and pregnant women.
- People with compromised immune system (Chemotherapy and AIDS patients) and thalassemia patients are more likely to develop this infection easily.
- The disease rarely has any long term consequences but some people develop arthritis and some develop Guillian Barre syndrome in which nerves of the body are affected after weeks of diarrheal illness which may sometimes result in paralysis.
Natural Remedies of Campylobacter Bacteria Infection
In Campylobacteriosis , an over the counter diarrhea medication is not good while your symptoms are at peak so you should try some natural remedies to combat the side effects of this infection.
- A patient with Campylobacteriosis should drink plenty of water to copeup with dehydration caused by vomiting and diarrehia
- The consumption of fruits like apple, cranberry, lemon, mango, orange, papaya, pear and soursoup is benefecial during this infection and some aloe-vera pulp on an empty stomach. It is important for our body to follow its natural process of cleaning our digestive tract to get rid of harmful bacterias.
- Dehydration caused by diarrhea and vomiting can be relieved by sipping pineapple juice and coconut milk.
A pinch of the following can be added to the juices to fight the bacteria :
- Bicarbonate of Soda
- Cayenne pepper
- Black pepper
- Pure and unrefined Sea Salt
2 tablespoon apple cider vinegar can be mixed in a cup of water and siped throughout the day along with honey for both taste and bacteria fighting enzymes as apple cider vinegar has antimicrobial benefits.Manuka honey is best for this purpose. This will help your body in flushing out and killing the pathogens as well.
Drinking the following tea or combination of more than one can be a bacteria fighting remedy as well :
- Basil tea
- Lemon Grass Tea
- Ginger tea
- Parsely tea
- Rosemarry tea
- Sage tea
- Thyme tea
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- Pour one cup of hot boiling water over two tablespoon of above mentioned fresh and dried leaves, then strain this slowly.After 15 minutes, start sipping this.Drink 3 to 6 cups daily.
- The abdominal pain and cramps can be relived by taking probiotic yoghurt and miso soup. This helps in regenerating the healthy bacteria lost during food poisioning caused by this infection. This will also get your immune system and digestive system back on track.
- Fatty Food
- Spicy Food
- Dairy products
- Seasoned Food
- Fiber-rich Foods